History of Hinduism
History of Hinduism shows a wide variety of special religious traditions especially in modern Nepal and India for the Indian subcontinent. Since the Iron Age, its history overlaps or coincides with the development of religion in the Indian subcontinent, some of its traditions are returning to the prehistoric religions such as the Bronze Age Indus Valley Civilization. Thus it is called the “oldest religion” in the world. Scholars consider Hinduism as a synthesis of various Indian cultures and traditions.
The history of Hinduism is often divided into period of development, from the first period 1900 BC to 1400 BC, the historical Vedic religion was between 800 BC and 200 BC, between “Vedic religion and Hindu religions. Significant turning point “, is an early period for Hinduism, Jainism and Buddhism. Epic and early antiquity periods from C. From 200 BC to 500 CE, the classical “golden age” of Hindu religion (c. 320-650 CE) was observed, which coincides with the Gupta empire. In this period, six branches of Hindu philosophy, namely, Sankhya, Yoga, Judaism, Vaisheshika, Meemas and Vedanta were developed. Through the Bhakti movement, monotheistic sect such as Shaivism and Vaishnavism developed during this period. A period of approximately 650 to 1100 CE creates a classical period or early Middle Ages, in which the classical mythological Hindu religion has been established, and the Adwait Vedanta of Adi Shankaracharya, in which Buddhist ideas were included in Vedanta, from realistic changes in idealistic views .
Hindu religion by C and both Hindu and Islamic rulers. 1200 to 1750 CE saw the growing prominence of the Bhakti movement, which is effective today. In the colonial period, various Hindu reform movements inspired by Western movements such as Unionism and Theosophy have emerged. In 1947, the partition of India was with religious lines, the Republic of India was emerging with a Hindu majority. During the 20th century, due to the Indian Diaspora, with the largest number of largest communities in the United States and the United Kingdom, Hindu minorities have been formed in all continents. In the Republic of India, Hindu nationalism has emerged as a strong political force since the 1980s, when the Bharatiya Janata Party formed the government of India from 1999 to 2004 and in 2006 under the leadership of its first state government in South India and Narendra Modi. Government from